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Airway, Respiration and Ventilation,

1. You are assessing an 84 year old man. Upon auscultation of the lungs you discover crackles or rale sounds. He is complaining of chest pain and congestion. These signs and symptoms can indicate?

2. You arrive on scene to find a man in his 20's lying in a pool of vomit. You can see that he is breathing at about 16 breaths per minute and the depth of respiration is adequate. He has a small laceration on his forehead. You try getting a response by calling "Hey man can you hear me?" but he does not answer. Your partner gives him a quick sternal rub and his eyes pop open along with a whimper under his breath and then they close again. You ask him to perform several motor functions but he does not comply. He does not answer any of your questions. This man has a GCS of what?

3. You arrive on scene with your partner Elija to a multiple vehicle accident where you are the 2nd ambulance to arrive. Scene size up indicates there are 7 patients in 3 cars all requiring extrication. In the first car is a 27 year old woman who is 32 weeks pregnant, conscious, and crying, a 12 year old girl who is screaming and complaining of back pain, and an 8 year old boy who has a facial laceration and open fracture of the tibia who is also conscious but breathing very shallow. In the second car is an 86 year old man who is slumped against the steering wheel with no pulse and has a piece of metal impaled through his head. In the third car are 3 teenagers 17 years of age. The two in the front seat are complaining of neck pain and appear to have an altered level of consciousness. Neither of them were wearing a seatbelt and both have contusions on their foreheads. In the back seat is the last occupant, a girl who said she was having a seizure and vomiting earlier so her friends were taking her to the hospital. She was wearing her seat belt and has no sign of injury. Who should be receiving treatment first?

4. You have just arrived on scene to a call of man down. A man is lying prone on the sidewalk outside of a bar and there are several bystanders who say they witnessed him just fall over forward. As you check his pulse and respirations you find that he is breathing shallow at about 8 per minute and his pulse is 112. What would be the proper choice of action?

5. You are called to the scene of a structure fire. Upon arrival you notice several people staggering down the block away from the fire with soot marks around their mouths. You should?

6. A respiration rate would be considered within normal limits for an adult at____ per minute, for a 6-12 year old child at ____ per minute, and for an infant at____ per minute.

7. You arrive on scene with your partner to a restaurant where a man was reported to be choking. You enter and find an unconscious cyanotic male on the floor. He is supine with BBQ sauce on his mouth and a napkin in his hand. What would you do for this patient?

8. You arrive on scene with your partner Emilio to find a woman who is having problems breathing. She is speaking in 1 or 2 word bursts and is on oxygen at 3 liters per minute. There is an ashtray next to her bed loaded with cigarette butts. She says her care taker called the ambulance and she does not want you there. She says she will allow you to take her vitals but then you have to leave. Her BP is 100/60 her pulse is 48 and her respirations are 18. She says she is 89 years old and has a pacemaker and is on high blood pressure medication. "I just want to be old, please leave", she says. What should you do?

9. Your patient is an 18 month old boy who, as reported by his mother, is "acting strange". You arrive to find the child reclined in his mother's arms. "I don't know what's wrong with him," she says. "I came out of the bathroom and he started making odd sounds and had spit running out of his mouth." What is the first thing you should do?

10. Use of an SpO2 monitor on a person suffering from carbon monoxide poisoning will be inaccurate because ___________.