This is a sample EMT-B Airway and Breathing test of 15 questions. Unlike the versions of our tests that are included with a paid subscription, this test cannot be automatically graded by clicking the button at the bottom of the page. With our paid subscription to EMT National Training you get instant grading, rationale behind the correct answers and a detailed exam tracking system.
EMT-Basic Test - Airway Breathing

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1. Medical control has ordered you to assist a patient with a metered dose inhaler. Before assisting this patient you must ensure what?
  It's not leaking
  It is their medication and is within the expiration date
  They are not choking
  The hospital has more of the same medication for arrival
 
2. You and your partner Lola arrive on scene to a multiple patient emergency. Which of the following patients would you and Lola consider a priority patient?
  A 45 year old female with a blood pressure of 169/92
  A 19 year old male who was has a broken ulna
  A 29 year old pregnant patient who is having contractions 12 minutes apart
  A 24 year old woman who was stung by two or three wasps
 
3. A spontaneous pneumothorax is ?
  More common in women than men
  Caused by an impact to the chest that penetrates the lung
  A sudden accumulation of air in the pleural space
  Only seen in people with COPD
 
4. You and your partner Blaze are called to the scene of a stabbing. There are two patients reported. A woman with a stab wound to the URQ and a man with a stab wound to the LRQ. The woman with wound in the URQ is having problems breathing and has a pulse of 103 and respirations of 35 and shallow. The patient with the stab wound to the LRQ is complaining of severe abdominal pain and has a pulse of 60 and respiration rate of 24. What should you do before you arrive on scene?
  Radio into police the possibility of domestic violence and wait for them across from the scene
  Get the AED ready
  Ask for law enforcement backup and park at the scene until they arrive
  Make sure law enforcement has secured the area
 
5. When auscultating over the lungs you would hope to find?
  Bronchial breath sounds
  Bronchovesicular breath sounds
  Vesicular breath sounds
  Paradoxical breath sounds
 
6. An intervention for someone who is apneic would be a?
  Oropharyngeal
  Use of BVM
  Cricoid pressure
  All of the above
 
7. Hyperventilation lowers the levels of?
  CO2 in the body
  Hemoglobin in the body
  Ketones in the body
  Oxygen in the body
 
8. You are assisting in delivery of a baby. When the head has emerged from the vagina you should?
  Support the head and gently pull the baby out
  Suction the mouth and nose and wait for the mother to push the rest of the baby out
  Suction the mouth and nose then check for prolapsed cord
  Put the mother on high flow O2
 
9. Which of the following gases makes up the largest portion of the atmosphere?
  Oxygen
  Hydrogen
  Carbon dioxide
  Nitrogen
 
10. After the baby has crowned during delivery you should?
  Suction the mouth and nose then check for prolapsed cord
  Suction the mouth and nose and wait for the mother to push the rest of the baby out
  Support the head and gently pull the baby out
  Put the mother on high flow O2 and have a cigar with the father
 
11. You and your partner Larry are dispatched to the call of a man with sever stomach pain. When you arrive on scene you find him lying on the floor of the kitchen in the fetal position. There is vomit on his face and he says he is going to throw up again. He denies falling and says the only thing wrong is that his stomach is killing him. Assessing his abdomen you find it to be very tender to the touch and he moans when you palpate his stomach. He is also breathing very fast at 30 a minute. What other signs and symptoms might you find with this patient
  Tachycardia - hypotension - fever
  Bottle of poison - cyanosis and crepitus
  Broken ribs - hypertension and deep rapid breathing
  Rebound tenderness - metabolic acidosis
 
12. Your patient is a 69 year old female who has a history of diabetes. She is breathing very deeply and very rapidly in a state of respiratory acidosis. Her husband said he woke up to her breathing like this and she would not wake up. You know that this woman is most likely in?
  Respiratory rebound stage
  A diabetic coma
  Diabetic shock
  Respiratory alkalosis
 
13. Paradoxical motion of the chest during exhalation is often caused by what type of injury?
  Pneumothorax
  Hemopneumothorax
  Clavicle break
  Flail chest
 
14. Epinephrine administered for severe allergic reaction may cause?
  Vomiting
  Nausea
  Chest pain
  All of the above
 
15. You arrive on scene to find an 11 year old girl who was struck by a truck while riding her bike. She is unresponsive to painful stimuli and has a large abrasion on her left side. She is breathing at 24 respirations per minute and regular. Your next course of action would be?
  C-spine precautions and Administer high flow O2 with a NRB
  Splint any fractured extremities
  Start Positive pressure ventilation with a BVM
  Initiate CPR
 

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